Presently, it is estimated that between Indian nationals are working in Afghanistan. India is also seeking opportunities to access natural gas from Indonesia.
Cultivating Iran as a moderating influence on Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Due to its geographic location and the growth trajectory, India occupies a strategic location in the turbulent IOR. As its capabilities get further enhanced in future, so will its role as a net security provider in the IOR. Such aims have also produced increasingly louder calls by India for a seat as a permanent member of the UN Security Council.
In addition, the United States has deployed several major naval task forces there, including Combined Task Forcewhich is aimed at safeguarding the flow of oil through the Persian Gulf,and Combined Task Forcewhich is tasked with countering piracy from the Gulf of Oman to Kenya.
This led the two countries to sign a defence cooperation agreement in India, however, has had more success in making inroads in Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. Andaman and Nicobar Islands provide India with potential to dominate the strategic sea lanes and choke points in the east, and makes them a cornerstone in Indian maritime strategy.
Indian attempt to expand its footprints in SCS region by forging closer relations with Vietnam is a step in right direction to protect its strategic interests in the region. The abundance of natural resources in Central Asia has been a source of increasing interest to India, which is trying to position itself as a powerbroker throughout the region.
Influencing Australia to adopt India-friendly policies, particularly in relation to China. US and Japan are strengthening their military alliance and enhancing operational integration. Security of this trade and the energy flow and their vulnerability to disruptions are a potent source of conflict in the region.
Removing restrictions on uranium imports. Presently, in Tajikistan India has military engineers stationed at Ayna and a specialist team of instructors training the Tajik Air Force.
US is avoiding confrontation by engaging China in strategic and economic terms but competition and confrontation will be a part of this relationship. Geopolitical theorists have highlighted the importance of geography in determination of foreign policy considerations such as the acquisition of natural boundaries, access to important sea routes, and the control of strategically important land areas.
Ensuring that China does not gain a significant strategic foothold in the region. Aggressively seeking to secure new energy reserves worldwide, to sustain its economic growth and its escalating energy consumption. Ensuring that significant employment opportunities continue for millions of Indian expatriates.
Along with the US maintaining its unipolar status, newer centres of influence are emerging that will be relevant. Chabahar is the nearest port to the five neighbouring Central Asian states and Afghanistan. They are characterised bythe perennial dispute over Kashmir and, increasingly, tensions over water-sharing rights.
The Importance of Indian Ocean for India! China has become more confident, is assertive and not inclined to bow to pressures. Enhancing its access to Australian mineral and energy reserves. Formulating policies to manage the potential water security challenges resulting from climate change.
By providing large loans on generous repayment terms, investing in major infrastructure projects such as the building of roads, dams, ports, power plants,and railways, and offering military assistance and political support in the UN Security Council through its veto powers, China has secured considerable goodwill and influence among countries in the Indian Ocean region.
However, the relative decline of US power in the region has left a void that is increasingly being filled by China and India, both eager to secure their position as major powerbrokers in global affairs. Strengthening influence and control over Indian Ocean choke points through security relationships with key littoral states such as Singapore, Mauritius and Oman.
India is fourth-largest economy in the world, which is almost 70 per cent dependent on oil import, major part of which comes from gulf region.
Her lifelines are concentrated in that area, her freedom is dependent on the freedom of that water surface. Iraq and Afghanistan remain critical and present challenges with spill over effect into the maritime domain.The sea lanes in the Indian Ocean are considered among the most strategically important in the world—according to the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, more than 80 percent of the world’s seaborne trade in oil transits through Indian Ocean choke points, with 40 percent passing through the Strait of Hormuz, 35 percent through the Strait of Malacca.
Indian peninsula juts into this strategically important space of IOR and overlooks the maritime activities across it.
In the words of Nehru – It is so situated that she is the pivot of Western, Southern and Southeast Asia and enjoys a strategic centrality of vital geo-strategic, economic, and energy network.
India’s Importance in the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean holds particular importance for India, as the littoral’s most populous country. Indeed, for the rest of the Ocean’s littoral states, and even those outside the region, India’s leadership role will be important in determining the strategic future.
The Importance of Indian Ocean for India! Indian occupies a central and strategic location in the Indian Ocean area. Its national and economic interests are inseparably linked up with Indian Ocean.
Hence to keep the Indian Ocean as a zone of Peace free from superpower rivalry and increasing. The strategic importance of the Indian Ocean region has come into vogue over the last few years.
Robert Kaplan famously claimed that the Indian Ocean would become 'centre stage' for the twenty-first century. The Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is one of the most areas of the world in human terms. It includes a wide variety of races, cultures, and religions.
The level of political stability, the quality of governance, demographic pressures, ethnic and sectarian tensions, and the pace of economic growth create a different mix of opportunity and risk in each state.Download