The style is sometimes referred to as Nagara, a type of temple mentioned in the Shilpa-shastras traditional canons of architecturebut exact correlation of the Shilpa-shastra terms with extant architecture has not yet been established.
According to the plan the projections are carried upwards to the top of the Sikhara, and thus there is strong emphasis on vertical lines in elevation. It Nagara style temples built around on the shores of the Bay of Bengal.
Uprights that margin the doorway are divided into vertical bands, which continue over the lintel. A typical example is the Hoysala temple with its multiple shrines and remarkable ornate carving. Comparison between Nagara and Dravidian style of temple architecture In north Indian temples we can see images such as Mithunas erotic and the river goddesses, Ganga and Yamuna guarding the temple.
Their history is better documented in the inscriptions in stone and several monuments. There is a magnificently designed central pendant. The ceilings are usually sculptured with cusps that rise in diminishing circles to an overhanging lotus bed. This began to mix with the Gupta and post-Gupta traditions that brought to it from Sarnath, Mathura, and even centres in Gujarat and Bengal.
The Rajarani temple, roughly dates back to the early 11th century, represents a unique experiment in Orissa.
Jagannatha temple, Puri, Odisha: The northern style under the Pratiharas and Chandellas CE — CE erected several small temples at various sites, which resembled typical northern stylistic features such as a square sanctuary with projecting niches, carved doorways, and towers with curved profile.
The Solanks were a Nagara style temples off later Chalukyas.
Compared to the southern temple style, northern temples are the product of a more discontinuous tradition Michell Nagara temples can be subdivided mainly into three — based on the shikhara type. It is the entrance to the temple. The temple is entered through an elaborately ornamented Takaratorana that forms a unique and fitting entrance to this small but exquisitely ornate and well-proportioned monument.
The whole may be raised on a terrace jagati with attendant shrines at the corners. It may be a portico or colonnaded series of columns placed at regular intervals hall that incorporate space for a large number of worshippers.
He expanded the empire and also inaugurated most of the building work at Mahabalipuram which is known after him as Mamallapuram. For example, the Teli ka Mandir in Gwaliorbuilt in the 8th century CE is not a square but is a rectangle consisting of stacked squares. The balcony slabs have panels with attendant figures carved upon and the brackets of the outer columns of the temple support an overhanging cave MichelFig.
Monks came to here from the different regions of the world such as China, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, etc.
A huge ornamental arch-torana leads one to the sabha mandapa the assembly hall which is open on all sides, as was the fashion of the times in western and central India temples.
An old 6th century sculpted door frame from DaParvatia near Tezpur and another few stray sculptures from Rangagora Tea Estate near Tinsukia in Assam bear witness to the import of the Gupta idiom in that region.
It was this period in which temple building activities grew rapidly all over the country Singh and Sharma There are also dinsinct styles in peripheral Nagara style temples such as Bengal, Kerala and the Himalayan valleys. The most exuberant and famed are the manipulatable soft white marble which is also seen in some of the 10th to 12th-century Jain temples in Nagara style temples Abu and the 15th-century temple at Ranatpur.
Older Hindu temple vastumandalas may use the 9 through 49 pada series, but 64 is considered the most sacred geometric grid in Hindu temples.
The Site[ edit ] The appropriate site for a Mandir, suggest ancient Sanskrit texts, is near water and gardens, where lotus and flowers bloom, where swans, ducks and other birds are heard, where animals rest without fear of injury or harm.
The main deity of the temple is Shiva, who is shown as a huge lingam set in a two storeyed sanctum. The interior is also frequently richly carved, particularly the coffered ceilings, which are supported by pillars of varying design. The culmination of the style was reached in the Sun temple at Konarkwhich marks even in its ruined state.
The repeated storeys give a horizontal visual thrust to this style. The history of architecture in the northeast and Bengal is hard to study because a number of ancient buildings in those regions were renovated, and what survives now is later brick or concrete temples at those sites.
Bhaktavatsalar Temple, Tirukkalunkundram - Tamilnadu But the most significant visual difference between the later northern and southern styles are the gateways.
This is unusual because temples generally have a single main shrine and not three areas of worship. He expanded the empire and also inaugurated most of the building work at Mahabalipuram which is known after him as Mamallapuram. It is accompanied by a richer elaboration of decoration.
It was a gradual evolution starting from the rock cut- cave temples to monolithic rathas which finally culminated in structural temples.The Shastras, the ancient texts on architecture, classify temples into three different orders; the Nagara or ‘northern’ style, the Dravida or ‘southern ‘ style, and the Vesara or hybrid style which is seen in the Deccan between the other two.
At times, the Vesara style of temples as an independent style created through the mixing of Nagara and Dravida orders.
Sculptures, Iconography, and Ornamentation Iconography is a branch of art history which studies the images of deities. Dravidian & nagara temples architecture 1. Dravidian (South) and Nagara (North) Style Temples BY- AAMOD KUMAR KARMAKSH UAR ARUN.
The Nagara Style of Hindu Temples June 26, hrodrigues The origin of the Hindu temple is said to be the ancient basic circle of stones within which one cherished holy relics, human or divine. North Indian temple architecture: Indian temples conformed to the nagara style, as is seen at Osian (Rajasthan state); Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh state); and Konarka, Bhubaneshwar, and Puri (Orissa state).
The Orissa temples, however, remain nearest to the original archetype. The North and Central Indian temples follow Nagara style of architecture, whereas South Indian temples follow Vesara and Dravidian style of architecture.
Nagara Style. A Nagara temple has 2 buildings namely, What are the differences between North Indian and South Indian dancing styles?Download