His irremediable error was to have concentrated all the machinery of the state in his own person, thus making of the monarchy a burden beyond human strength. Only the "unprivileged" classes paid direct taxes, and this term came to mean the peasants only, since many bourgeois, in one way or another, obtained exemptions.
The dramatic blow came on March Eventually a broken arm put an end to his vigorous horseback riding, and gout ended his long walks around Versailles. The Fronde years planted Louis xiv Louis a hatred of Paris and a consequent determination to move out of the ancient capital as soon as possible, never to return.
The Queen also gave a partial Catholic orientation to French foreign policy. He was obliged to rule for the benefit of his people. Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection.
Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies. This action abolished the regency council and made Anne sole Regent of France.
A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood. While Louis assumed responsibility for decision making, he understood that he must rule within the constraints of the laws and customs of his kingdom.
Reproduced by permission of the trustees of the Wallace Collection, London; photograph, J. Over 30, men worked on constructing the Palace of Versailles, a project that drained the royal treasury for decades.
In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period. I have no idea why. All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles. His heirthe last son of the duke de Bourgogne, was a five-year-old child who was not expected to live.
These created in him a lifelong fear of rebellion, and a dislike of Paris, prompting him to spend more and more time in Versailles, southwest of Paris. Louis XIV was not wrong, as some have claimed, to remove himself from unhealthful and tumultuous Paris, but he erred in breaking with the wandering tradition of his ancestors.
You [he was talking to the secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them.Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye. He became king at the age of four on the death of his father, Louis XIII.
While Louis was a child, his mother, Anne of Austria, served as.
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Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September –1 September ) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May until his death. He was a king for 72 years. This was the longest recorded rule of any European killarney10mile.com is often seen as the typical example of killarney10mile.com was the oldest of two brothers the.
Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson. Watch video · King Louis XIV of France led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age. He revoked the Edict of Nantes and. The reign of France’s Louis XIV (), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any other known European sovereign.