Respectability was their code—a businessman had to be trusted, and must avoid reckless gambling and heavy drinking. Introduction Victorian Literature is the literature produced during the reign of Queen Victoria A.
Becoming a rich businessman was not as prestigious as inheriting a title and owning a landed estate. Comments regarding the background to the exhibition: Nonconformists especially Unitarians and Presbyterians played major roles in founding new universities in the late 19th century at Manchesteras well as BirminghamLiverpool and Leeds.
The two ancient universities opposed giving a charter to the new University of London in the s because it had no such restriction. The population rose from There was peace abroad apart from the short Crimean war, —56and social peace at home. Nonconformist ministers in their own chapels were allowed to marry couples if a registrar was present.
There were still problem areas, such as occasional riots, especially those motivated by anti-Catholicism. While this view of nineteenth century life was valid, it was frequently challenged by contemporaries.
Politics were important to the Victorians; they believed in the perfection of their evolved representative government, and in exporting it throughout the British Empire.
This sketch is from an issue of Punchprinted in November that year. Byevery pauper had gone. The progress of scientific thought led to significant changes in medicine during the nineteenth century, with increased specialisation and developments in surgery and hospital building.
Dissenters demanded the removal of political and civil disabilities that applied to them especially those in the Test and Corporation Acts. He merged various independent lines and set up a "Clearing House" in which rationalized interconnections by establishing uniform paperwork and standard methods for transferring passengers and freight between lines, and rates when one system used freight cars owned by another.
Ross championed agnosticism in opposition not so much to Christianity, but to atheism, as expounded by Charles Bradlaugh  The term "atheism" never became popular. During the Victorian age, however, there was a lot of radical social change and as such.
The following extracts are taken from the review by Dr. As Jonathan Andrews demonstrates, the Glasgow Royal Asylum and its physician-superintendent were intent upon "raising the social tone" so that repugnant social mixing would neither deter paying clients from seeking admission nor impede their treatment.
The Vatican restored the English Catholic bishoprics in and numbers grew through conversions and immigration from Ireland. Whilst this brief overview can only partially summarise some characteristics of the nineteenth century, it does illustrate that society was disparate and that no one feature can serve to give a definitive view of what it meant to be "Victorian".
The scales were less weighted against the weak, against women and children, and against the poor.
However, a disastrous retreat from Kabul in the same year led to the annihilation of a British army column in Afghanistan. They instead concentrated on the argument that it was not necessary to believe in God in order to behave in moral fashion.
The railways directly or indirectly employed tens of thousands of engineers, mechanics, repairmen and technicians, as well as statisticians and financial planners. Today we associate the nineteenth century with the Protestant work ethic, family values, religious observation and institutional faith.
The public school became a model for gentlemen and for public service. They joined together on new issues especially regarding schools and temperance, with the latter of special interest to Methodists.
This study of natural history was most powerfully advanced by Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution first published in his book On the Origin of Species in During this time, England was undergoing a tremendous cultural upheaval; the accepted forms of literature, art and music had undergone a radical change.
Penalties on Roman Catholics were mostly removed. Britain was the first country to undergo the Demographic transition and the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. Michael Balfe was the most popular British grand opera composer of the period, while the most popular musical theatre was a series of fourteen comic operas by Gilbert and Sullivanalthough there was also musical burlesque and the beginning of Edwardian musical comedy in the s.
They were not moralistic but scientific. Definitions that purport a distinct sensibility or politics to the era have also created scepticism about the worth of the label "Victorian", though there have also been defences of it.
Railways had a major impact on industrialization. Interest petered out by the s, and when Ross died the Journal soon closed. A large part of the complex of change that comes about in English Literature from early 19th century to the later 19th century can be measured from the kind of the change, the images of the ocean undergo when we move from Byron to Arnold.
Most important, they created a mindset of how technology could be used in many different forms of business. However, a few early feminists called for aspirations beyond the home.
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This unique book is a wide-ranging introduction to the world of Victorian tailoring, including techniques/5(19). Introduction Although Queen Victoria did not ascend to the throne untilit is common to refer to the Victorian era as beginning inthe year of both the First Reform Bill and the death of Sir Walter Scott, a major writer of the Romantic era.
Read this article to know about the characteristic features of Victorian Age, characteristics of the Victorian era society, Victorian age characteristics.
Victorian Literature is the literature produced during the reign of Queen Victoria () A.D. Queen Victoria at her coronation in Fotograf: ILN The period bears the name of Queen Victoria who was the British sovereign from until her death inthe longest reigning monarch in British history.
Her role as a sovereign and figurehead of the era cannot be overestimated. The Victorian Era • The dates of the Victorian Era () coincide with Queen Victoria’s ascension to the throne and her death. Period Introduction Overview The Victorian Age, During the Victorian Age, England changed as much and as dramatically as it had in all of its previous history.Download