Cardinal Maffeo Barberini had been elected Pope. The Pope, according to the Inquisition file, "directed the Lord Cardinal Bellarmine to summon before him the said Galileo and admonish him to abandon the said opinion; and, in the case of his refusal to obey, the Commissary of the Holy Office is to enjoin him He decided to address his arguments to the enlightened public at large, rather than the hidebound academics.
After some preliminary salutations and acknowledgements, Bellarmine begins by telling Foscarini that it is prudent for him and Galileo to limit themselves to treating heliocentrism as a merely hypothetical phenomenon and not a physically real one.
By age twenty-two, he had invented the hydrostatic balance. Riccardi seemed paralyzed with indecision. Lorini had allies, such as Father Tommaso Caccini. Eight days later, the General Congregation declared--in what would come as a shock to Galileo--that he had violated the so-called injunction against teaching, holding, or writing about Copernican theory.
To protect his good name, Galileo requested a letter from Bellarmine stating the truth of the matter. What more could authorities expect?
And, so that you will be more cautious in future, and an example for others to abstain from delinquencies of this sort, we order that the book Dialogue of Galileo Galilei be prohibited by public edict.
Pressured later to apologize for his attack, Lorini later said that he "said a couple of words to the effect that the doctrine of Ipernicus [sic], or whatever his name is, was against Holy Scripture.
Firenzuola informed Galileo that for the duration of the proceedings against him he would be imprisoned in the Inquisition building. I repent having given the world a portion of my writings; I feel inclined to consign what is left to the flames and thus placate at last the inextinguishable hatred of my enemies.
Mark feel that the letter contains many statements which seem presumptuous or suspect, as when it states that the words of Holy Scripture do not mean what they say; that in discussions about natural phenomena the authority of Scripture should rank last The Pope swung the machinery of the Church into motion.
The book, which quickly sold out, soon became the talk of the literary public. On December 24,Galileo told friends in Rome that he had completed work on his page Dialogue. How could the law reach him when he had acted with such care? When Galileo arrived in Rome in Mayhe wrote: The question of heliocentrism had first been raised with Cardinal Bellarmine, in the case of Paolo Antonio Foscarinia Carmelite father; Foscarini had published a book, Lettera Ingoli wrote that the great distance to the stars in the heliocentric theory "clearly proves The Admonition and False Injunction of Injust as Galileo published his Letters on the Solar Spots, an openly Copernican writing, the first attack came from a Dominican friar and professor of ecclesiastical history in Florence, Father Lorini.
Four days later, Galileo officially surrendered to the Holy Office and faced Father Firenzuola, the Commissary-General of the Inquisition, and his assistants.
It is widely believed by historians that the reported injunction of Galileo was "a false injunction": Firenzuola told Galileo that he had been commanded to "neither hold, defend, nor teach that [the Copernican] opinion in any way whatsoever.Galileo Galilei was charged with heresy because of his Copernican heliocentric writings, which claimed that the Earth revolved around the sun and not vice-versa.
During the 15th century, the Catholic Church used Biblical passages to maintain that the Earth was a fixed body at the center of the universe. The Galileo affair (Italian: il processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning aroundculminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in for his support of heliocentrism.
He was born in Pisa on February 15, Galileo's father, Vincenzo Galilei, was a well-known musician. Vincenzo decided that his son should become a doctor.
InGalileo was sent to the University of Pisa to study medicine. While a student at the university, Galileo discovered that he.
The Heresy of Galileo Galileo was condemned by the Inquisition, not for his own brilliant theories, but because he stood up for his belief in Copernicus's theory that the earth was not, as the Church insisted, the center of the universe, but that rather, the universe is heliocentric.
Galileo agreed not to teach the heresy anymore and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.
It took more than years for the Church to admit that Galileo was right and to clear his name. A detailed commentary on the events leading up to and including the trial of Galileo Galilei for his support of Copernican theory.Download